Views:5 Author:Site Editor Publish Time: 2019-09-10 Origin:Site
Jining is mountainous, watery, and saintly. It has profound cultural heritage and is an important birthplace of Chinese civilization and the birthplace of Confucian culture. Ten major cultures, such as ancestor culture, Confucian and Mencius culture, canal culture, water Margin culture, Buddhist culture, Li Bai culture, Liang Zhu culture, Han stele and portrait stone culture, and landscape culture, complement each other, forming the\"Dongwen Xiwu, Nanshui Beifo, Medieval Canal \"tourism pattern. As of early 2008, Jining has a total of one world cultural heritage, 19 national-level key cultural relics protection units, 95 provincial-level, 167 municipal-level, 2 national historical and cultural cities, 3 China's outstanding tourist cities, Shandong Province There are 4 scenic spots and 6 scenic spots above 4A level. Among them, the Ming Gucheng (Three Holes) tourist area is the first batch of 5A scenic spots in China; 11 national and provincial industrial and agricultural tourism demonstration sites.
Qufu, the birthplace of Confucius, and Zoucheng, the birthplace of Mencius, are represented in the Confucian Temple known as the Chinese Book Qufu Confucian Temple Art Treasury, Confucius House\"The First Home in the World\", and the largest family cemetery in the world, Konglin It is included in the World Historical and Cultural Heritage. The Confucian Temple and Confucius Mansion are large in scale and rich in cultural relics. They are one of the three ancient buildings in the country and have been named\"World Cultural Heritage\" by UNESCO. Zoucheng's representative attractions are Mengfu, Mengmiao, Menglin and Mengmu Forest.
The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal passed through Jining. Since the Yuan Dynasty, the highest gate that manages the canal has been located in Jining. Therefore, Jining is known as the\"canal capital\" as the canal of the national transportation artery, which promotes the prosperity of Jining's commodity economy , Also gave birth to the brilliant canal culture of Jining. Li Bai and Du Fu roamed together here to drink poems; Kangxi and Qianlong settled here with inscriptions.
Ancient Canals, Taibai Tower, Iron Tower Temple, Shengyuan Tower, Queen Mother's Pavilion, Dongda Temple, Xinzhuang Church and other attractions are scattered in Jining City, each with its own characteristics.
The town of Nanwang, Wenshang is the\"ridge of the canal\". It has a water conservancy project called\"Northern Dujiangyan\"-Nanwang Water Diversion Project, which is a miracle in the history of water conservancy in the world. \"Island in the lake, the canal crosses the island \" The ancient town on Nanyang Island is one of the four ancient towns on the canal. It is full of shops and prosperous businesses. The streets and alleys are paved with bluestone, and the houses are blue brick and gray tiles. Cultural taste is a rare carrier of the ancient canal ecology and folk culture.
Documents document that the Emperor Yan established the capital in Qufu, so the area of Jining was once the area where the Emperor Yan tribe was active.\"Historical Records of the Three Emperors of the Three Emperors\" contains:\"\" Yan Emperor Shennong, the surname of Jiang ... with the King of Fire, therefore the Emperor Yan\", and also said Yan Emperor\"\"Chudu Chen, later in Qufu \".\"Emperor Century\" also said:\"\" The Emperor Yan was all in Chen and moved to Lu \". Chen Jijin County of Henan. Some scholars believe that after Emperor Yan emigrated to Qufu, due to successive battles with Chiyou and Huangdi tribes, he later retreated to the west, and his tribes also moved to the Jiangshui basin and became the ancestors of Jiang surname. Emperor Huang Di was born in Shouqiu, which is now Qufu City's Dongjiu Village. Emperor Zhenzong of the Northern Song Dynasty commemorates \"Yellow Emperor Born in Shouqiu \", Yu Xiangfu renamed Qufu County to Xianyuan County in the fifth year (1012), and the county moved to Shouqiu; and the sacred purpose was established in 1320 The Sensen Huangdi Temple, named \"Jingling Palace \", is dedicated to Spring and Autumn.
Buddhist sacred artifacts such as buddha teeth and relics unearthed from the Prince ’s Lingzong Tata Palace in Baoshang Temple of Wenshang have shaken the Buddhist circles at home and abroad. The Wenshang Lingzhang Cultural Festival, which is held regularly every year, enjoys high reputation overseas. The Zhongdu Museum, the Dedication Hall, the Great Heroes Hall, the Wenshang County Urban Planning Exhibition Hall, and the Lifo Avenue are magnificent. The Baoxiang Temple Scenic Spot in Wenshang County is China's national AAAA grade scenic spot.
Water Margin Culture
Shuibo Liangshan is famous for the\"Water Margin\". Zhongyitang, Duanjinting, Heifengkou, Shuizhai Village, Yiguan, Erguan and other scenic spots have built the majesty of Liangshan Dazhai. Songjiang Village Wall, Turning Door, Songjiangjing, Relics such as Shucaitai and Trial Stone tell stories of heroes. The giant stone carvings such as Qiuzhaizuo Zhuangying, Shuangxiong Zhenguan, Huarong Shooting Goose, and Forcing Liangshan have reproduced the style of the heroes of the year. , Thirty-six days of the star statue, large-scale cliff stone inscription\"Shuibo Liangshan Ji\" and called the three major contemporary water art treasures.
Liang Zhu Culture
Liang Zhu's hometown is in the area of Mapo, Weishan County. According to the Qing Dynasty Jiao Xun's\"Drama\", there is a record of\"The tomb of Zhu Yingtai in Jiaxiang County, carved for the Ming Dynasty.\" He once sent a member to Jining. Jiaxiang knew the situation, but couldn't find it because the location of Zhu Yingtai's tomb recorded in\"Drama\" was inaccurate. It is worth mentioning that Weishan County was not set up at the time, and the site of the tombstone today is located at the junction of Jining County and Zou County. In 1952, during the construction of the Baima River, Liang Zhu's tombstone began to appear in the sky and was preserved locally by the Shandong Provincial Cultural Relics Management Office. In 1976, during the construction of farmland, Liang Zhu's tombstone was buried underground again. It was not until the 1990s that they returned again. The Liang Zhu tombstone was erected in the 11th year of Ming Zhengde (AD 1516). It can be said that today's Weishan Mapo-Zoucheng Laoshan area is the stage for this famous Chinese and foreign love tragedy. Due to the civilian nature of Liang Zhu's story and life, it is impossible for the master to enter the official history, which determines its historical destiny among the people. Therefore, its true origin has long been unknown.
Weishan Lake is the largest freshwater lake in northern China, with a total area of 1,260 square kilometers. Hundreds of thousands of acres of lotus flowers open in the lake every summer. The quaint folk customs, the dwelling houses, the leaf-leaf boats that travel by boats, the thousands of lotus flowers and the blue sky, clear water, wild ducks, and reed grasses form a natural water park and become a wonderful place for vacation and leisure. Zoucheng has the world's first strange mountain-Laoshan, the northern Yantai Mountain spirit show, the east leads to the Phoenix peaks, and the west overlooks the micro lake smoke waves. It has the unique characteristics of Taishan's heroes, Huangshan's wonders, and Huashan's dangers. It has the unique personality of Taishan with the head of the Five Mountains, so it is called\"\ 南奇 观 \".